A lesson clearly learnt from the five study landscapes is that governance in the interest of sustainable landscape management and heritage conservation needs to be holistic, taking into account the human factors at work in the landscape as well as biophysical aspects.
Several tools and means have been used to collect stakeholders’ expectations, and include surveys, face to face interviews, local workshops on study landscapes and European scale workshops.
Findings lead to identify key success factors for landscape management:
- Map Landscape context,
- Taking into account the needs and expectations of stakeholders,
- Prioritization of issues associated with risks and opportunities,
- Leadership, involvement of elected representatives, and governance,
- Relational and human support, training and awareness,
- Operational inputs,
- Playful, participatory, and multiple approaches for stakeholders’ engagement, accountability to local actors through communication and restitution,
- Continuous improvement through experimentation and feedback.